About Bali

 

Well Indonesia come from Greek words, Indos and Nesos, means the island of India. Indonesia is the biggest archipelago in the world with 16.667 big in small islands. More than half of this island are deserted island without inhabitants. Major island, while lesser Sunda island consist of Bali, Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, Timor and the other small islands.

The capital of country is Jakarta (from Jayakarta – the city of victory) situated in Java with more than 10 millions people. Recently census said that Indonesia has 100 millions inhabitants for this year, being the four major populated Countries after popular Republic of China, India, and the United States. More than 100 millions people living in Java. Java means rice in sancrete.

Bali is tiny island compared with Java or Sumatra with only 5682 Km2 in area. From Singaraja (north point) to Nusa Dua (southern point) 95 Km long while from Gili Manuk (west) to Seraya ( east) is 145 Km long. Bali comes from sancrete word “Vali” means “offering”. Because the daily life of the Balinese is full of offerings for their god.

Now, almost 3 millions people live in this small island, most of them stay in the southern part. The island capital is “Denpasar” (means eastern market) with 500,000 people, is bustling city, center of economic, culture, Education and Government of Bali.

You will never find skyscrapers or building more than 15 meters here in Bali. The Government of Bali allow maximum height of building as tall as coconut tree of maximum 15 meters. This is to maintain the beauty of our environment. All hotels, shops, and house obey this rule, except the Grand Bali Beach in Sanur. This hotel was built in 1966 before the rule and it’s a living memory our beloved first President Soekarno. With its ten storey building, it’s the highest building in Bali.

 

The western part of Bali is the national park  covered 1/5 of the island. Various species of wild animal live there as panthers, crocodiles, boars, buffalos, deer’s, monkeys, and various snakes and birds in its natural habitat is white starling (Leucopsar Rotschildi). Balinese tiger is extinct already. The last Balinese tiger was seen in 1953. During the Second World War, there was plenty of them and only in 8 years it extinct already. In the central part of Bali, there is a mountain chain that separates the island into two parts, namely northern plain and southern plain with two active volcanoes and lakes. Volcanoes are fountains of fertility of the island, while from the lakes come all the springs, rivers, and undergrounds water of Bali. No wonder in Bali people consider sacred all their mountains, volcanoes, and lakes.

They are so important is narrow strip of land running the entire land of the island. It’s climate is rather different from south Bali. It’s drier and wet rice cultivation is not as widespread. In the mountainous villages there are large plantations of coffee and cloves, while in the lower land renowned for the cultivation of tobaccos and grapefruits. In the eastern portion of Buleleng people plant various fruits like cashier knurs mangos and mandarins. From 1975 till 1985, is the golden period of Balinese mandarin (jeruk Tejakula) then CVPPD diseased killed all mandarin plants. Luckily the people now have mangoes instead of mandarin.

Eastern Bali mostly still covered by thick ashes and debris of the last eruption of Mountain Agung in 1963. Everyday hundreds of trucks come for loading volcanic sands and rock for building materials in Denpasar. Luckily there is bless in disguise yet.

Southern Bali, is the most densely populated of Bali with an average density of more than 1000 person per square km. Partly because Denpasar, the island’s capital and principal metropolis is there. Also Bali’s major resorts are all in three like: Sanur, Kuta, Jimbaran, and Nusa Dua.